Blacksmith in Bayonne NJ 07002

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in New Jersey

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Bayonne NJ 07002

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Bayonne NJ 07002; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Bayonne NJ 07002.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Bayonne NJ 07002 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Bayonne NJ 07002 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Bayonne NJ 07002. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Bayonne NJ 07002 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Bridgewater NJ 08807

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in New Jersey

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Bridgewater NJ 08807

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Bridgewater NJ 08807; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Bridgewater NJ 08807.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Bridgewater NJ 08807 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Bridgewater NJ 08807 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Bridgewater NJ 08807. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Bridgewater NJ 08807 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Clementon NJ 08021

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in New Jersey

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Clementon NJ 08021

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Clementon NJ 08021; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Clementon NJ 08021.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Clementon NJ 08021 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Clementon NJ 08021 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Clementon NJ 08021. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Clementon NJ 08021 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Dunellen NJ 08812

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in New Jersey

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Dunellen NJ 08812

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Dunellen NJ 08812; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Dunellen NJ 08812.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Dunellen NJ 08812 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Dunellen NJ 08812 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Dunellen NJ 08812. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Dunellen NJ 08812 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Flemington NJ 08822

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in New Jersey

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Flemington NJ 08822

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Flemington NJ 08822; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Flemington NJ 08822.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Flemington NJ 08822 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Flemington NJ 08822 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Flemington NJ 08822. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Flemington NJ 08822 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Greendell NJ 07839

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in New Jersey

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Greendell NJ 07839

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Greendell NJ 07839; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Greendell NJ 07839.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Greendell NJ 07839 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Greendell NJ 07839 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Greendell NJ 07839. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Greendell NJ 07839 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Hillside NJ 07205

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in New Jersey

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Hillside NJ 07205

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Hillside NJ 07205; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Hillside NJ 07205.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Hillside NJ 07205 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Hillside NJ 07205 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Hillside NJ 07205. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Hillside NJ 07205 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Landing NJ 07850

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in New Jersey

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Landing NJ 07850

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Landing NJ 07850; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Landing NJ 07850.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Landing NJ 07850 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Landing NJ 07850 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Landing NJ 07850. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Landing NJ 07850 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Magnolia NJ 08049

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in New Jersey

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Magnolia NJ 08049

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Magnolia NJ 08049; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Magnolia NJ 08049.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Magnolia NJ 08049 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Magnolia NJ 08049 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Magnolia NJ 08049. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Magnolia NJ 08049 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Milltown NJ 08850

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in New Jersey

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Milltown NJ 08850

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Milltown NJ 08850; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Milltown NJ 08850.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Milltown NJ 08850 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Milltown NJ 08850 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Milltown NJ 08850. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Milltown NJ 08850 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.