Blacksmith in Black Hawk SD 57718

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in South Dakota

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Black Hawk SD 57718

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Black Hawk SD 57718; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Black Hawk SD 57718.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Black Hawk SD 57718 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Black Hawk SD 57718 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Black Hawk SD 57718. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Black Hawk SD 57718 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Chancellor SD 57015

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in South Dakota

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Chancellor SD 57015

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Chancellor SD 57015; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Chancellor SD 57015.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Chancellor SD 57015 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Chancellor SD 57015 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Chancellor SD 57015. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Chancellor SD 57015 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Elk Point SD 57025

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in South Dakota

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Elk Point SD 57025

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Elk Point SD 57025; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Elk Point SD 57025.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Elk Point SD 57025 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Elk Point SD 57025 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Elk Point SD 57025. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Elk Point SD 57025 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Glencross SD 57630

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in South Dakota

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Glencross SD 57630

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Glencross SD 57630; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Glencross SD 57630.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Glencross SD 57630 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Glencross SD 57630 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Glencross SD 57630. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Glencross SD 57630 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Hurley SD 57036

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in South Dakota

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Hurley SD 57036

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Hurley SD 57036; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Hurley SD 57036.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Hurley SD 57036 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Hurley SD 57036 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Hurley SD 57036. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Hurley SD 57036 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Letcher SD 57359

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in South Dakota

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Letcher SD 57359

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Letcher SD 57359; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Letcher SD 57359.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Letcher SD 57359 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Letcher SD 57359 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Letcher SD 57359. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Letcher SD 57359 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Mound City SD 57646

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in South Dakota

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Mound City SD 57646

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Mound City SD 57646; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Mound City SD 57646.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Mound City SD 57646 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Mound City SD 57646 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Mound City SD 57646. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Mound City SD 57646 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Pickstown SD 57367

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in South Dakota

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Pickstown SD 57367

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Pickstown SD 57367; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Pickstown SD 57367.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Pickstown SD 57367 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Pickstown SD 57367 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Pickstown SD 57367. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Pickstown SD 57367 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Rutland SD 57057

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in South Dakota

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Rutland SD 57057

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Rutland SD 57057; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Rutland SD 57057.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Rutland SD 57057 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Rutland SD 57057 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Rutland SD 57057. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Rutland SD 57057 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.

Blacksmith in Tripp SD 57376

Blacksmith > Blacksmith in South Dakota

The Art and Mystery of the Blacksmith in Tripp SD 57376

The piercing ring of my father’s sledge hitting the anvil echoes in my mind yet today, 40 years later. Holding the red hot metal with tongs in his powerful hands as he easily flattened, ground, and bent the black iron – shaping it skilfully over and over until it fit the horses hoof perfectly. Smoke rises and the smouldering smell of the burnt hoof makes me cringe. He winks at me to let me know it’s alright – the horse can’t feel a thing. He drops the shoe in a cool bucket of water; three more shoes to go. Blacksmiths in Tripp SD 57376; their work spans the ages.

The Artistry

I have visited many historical landmarks and every time I am drawn to the stone and coal forges, fire tools, and metal brandished items on display. Often there are demonstrations by a burly man in a leather apron and I feel right at home in Tripp SD 57376.

Traditionally, tradesmen working with iron or black metal, as it was known, were called “blacksmiths” because they would smite and work with different metals. They were held in high esteem because everyone needed something from these custom toolmakers in the 18th and 19th centuries.

One out of ten early settlers were farmers who needed tools to clear and work their land. They often had horses, and cows along with other livestock. A blacksmith made plough shares, sickles, scythes, and metal parts for wagons and carriages, as well as wheel rims, axe heads, hammers, shovels, hoes, and pitch forks. Moreover, horses required shoes to protect their hooves from the rustic rural roads and the freely roaming cattle required cow bells to notify farmers of their where a bouts. Certainly, the American Axe which has remained relatively the same for over 225 years, was the single most significant contribution to tools made by the blacksmith.

Some of the lesser known items blacksmiths forged in their fires were items for women; utensils for preparing and eating meals; forks, knives, spoons, cooking pots and pans, coffee or tea pots, cast iron kettles, lanterns, sewing and other household tools. Trades and Industry workers needed tools as well. Builders needed door hinges, chandeliers, hooks and nails or screws. Vessels in the harbour needed anchors and chains. Woodworkers needed tools like crosscut handsaws, planes, scrapers and chisels1. Additionally, they needed gimlets for making small holes in wood, centre bits and braces to bore large shallow holes quickly. Hunters and warfare soldiers of the 18th century sought out hand forged blades like the Bowie and long hunter knives. Swords of various lengths, metal canteens, tomahawks, and gun parts are other types of contrivance created by skilled blacksmiths. Camp ironwork included tripods, trammels, cauldrons, spatulas, ladles and strainers.

Blacksmiths also maintained their handiwork with a grindstone – sharpening all metal blades; knives, ploughshare, axe, saw, sickle and the scythe.

Main Tools of the Trade

A symbol of the blacksmith in Tripp SD 57376 is definitely the “anvil”. Without it, there is no craft; yet it is only one of the various tools of the trade. In an article By the Mother Earth News Editors (November/December 1975)2, it mentions various sizes of anvils ranging from tiny to the large 500 lbs models. I can easily imagine the blacksmith seeking out a tree butt to fasten a 200 lb. anvil securely to it. Lighter anvils weren’t as steady, more difficult to fasten and prone to crack under heavy hammer strokes while the larger models were hard on the back.

Instrumental to the blacksmith is the hammer. Customizing hammers to fit their skills and jobs, most blacksmiths had several types of hammers; a heavy sledge, or lighter ball-, cross-, and straight-peen which they forged themselves. Handles were an essential component to the hammer. Usually made from hickory or ash and properly wedged plus fitted to the palm of the blacksmith to make forging seem effortless. Knowing which hammer to use, when and how to utilize its effect, with the least expenditure of energy, was the quintessence of this trade.

Link, belt, hoop, and horseshoe are all types of tongs. Sometimes, a blacksmith in Tripp SD 57376 will have a large variety of different sizes and shapes made for specific purposes. Known as the fire proof extension of the crafters hands, tongs are extremely personal. They are strong but have been known to slip in a loose grip and send red hot bits of iron flying when a hammer hits hard. Most blacksmiths created a hand held vice by adding a catch at the end of one handle to their tongs preventing it from opening and avoiding possible injury or fires.

Upright Chisel is a tool that fits into the anvil’s very hard, flattened top surface square hole, called the “hardy hole”. This hole is used to hold several tools; including, swages mandrels, fullers and the hardy – its name sake.

Finishing touches to the trade tools punches, files and a water trough. Making holes in metal was made with points of different shapes called punches; files were coarse or fine and used to grate metal deposits creating a smooth surface. To cool down the metal and solidify the finished product a water trough or quench tub was used. It was also handy to have water available to douse the flames if they burned too high.

The Apprentice

The blacksmith life was a hard one but nothing compared to the blacksmith apprentice in Tripp SD 57376. Masters gladly took on an apprentice at no charge for roughly a four or five year period and these boys would learn the secrets of the trade in exchange for clothing, lodging, and food until he became a master himself. Small item nails, screws, bolts and hooks were usually made by an apprentice.

Farriers

During the mid-to-late 1800s, one could find a blacksmith in cities and towns all across Canada. However, with the Great Depression and World War II, the trade was all but wiped out, leaving only Farriers – a specialized subsection of blacksmithing focusing on horseshoes. The rest of the labour formerly done by blacksmiths was swallowed up by factories, leaving little room for the blacksmith of old. Some blacksmiths were trained to shod or fit shoes on horses. These men were called farriers. They worked with horses exclusively; shaping the shoe, rasping, burning and nailing the shoe on the hoof to protect it. Some farriers evolved into taking care of the lame and sick animals thereby becoming the first veterinarians.

The Livery

The majority of settlement communities had a blacksmith shop. Some with very large doors so horses, wagons and farm implements could fit inside but most were small and poorly lit. The shop was usually near the livery stable (barn). Generally ignored by historians, the livery was a vital resource for settlers. Among other things, a livery provided wood and coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.coal for heat, as well as hay and gain for livestock. One of the most important functions of an early settlement livery was to provide vital transportation service; a stable where settlers could hire horses, teams and wagons. If you were lucky enough to own a horse, the livery was the place to board it for a short time when travelling which is why the livery was often attached to a hotel or boarding house.

On the other hand, there were a couple downfalls of a town’s livery. It was common knowledge liveries were, well, lively with socialization. Noise and vermin was a problem and it has been documented that disgusting odours were also generated in and around liveries. Time and again, in many locations, towns attempted to control the locality and activities of their liveries. Unscrupulous behaviours such as gambling or stag shows, and cockfighting were vices enjoyed by some in the livery venue.

Present Day

Today, there are few blacksmiths in Tripp SD 57376 who pursue the traditional ways of the early blacksmiths which involves forging, welding, riveting, and repairing metal parts for farm machinery. Nevertheless, there has been a true renaissance in artistic Blacksmitting within the last 10 years. Artisan blacksmith businesses in Southern Ontario specialize in custom hand-forged iron products, custom metal fabrications, and welding services for the home, garden or a business. Some offer demonstrations at special events like at enactments or small town heritage festivals. The Artist-Blacksmiths’ Association of North America (ABANA) now claims nearly 5,000 members, double the number it had 10 years ago.